One of the great things about living in this period of time is that science is constantly improving and amazing medical breakthroughs are brought to the public eye every year. Living in a world without diseases is still just a wish, but one thing is sure – with new advances in medicine, we are able to fight more conditions and illnesses than ever before. That is why today we bring you 5 most exciting medical findings of 2018.
The vaccine for cancer
Researchers from Stanford University believe they are on a good way to find a cancer vaccine. They were conducting a clinical trial on lymphoma patients in order to test this potential vaccine. The procedure is conducted by injecting solid tumors with immune-stimulating agents. So far the trials have been conducted only on mice, which has brought more than favorable results – all traces of cancer were eliminated. Moreover, there were no side effects of this vaccine unlike with immunotherapy. Depending on how the trials on humans go, all different types of cancers could in the future be treated with this vaccine.
The test for hyperkalemia
Raised potassium level in blood, or hyperkalemia, is a condition usually described as a quiet killer. It can be a result of a variety of different health issues, such as kidney troubles, diabetes or blood pressure medication side effect. Hyperkalemia’s manifestations are dangerous for the heart and include chest pain, palpitations, and a weak pulse. For people with kidney disease, it can be life-threatening. You would usually need a blood test in order to detect raised potassium; however, that might no longer be needed. The new technology, which is developed with the Mayo Clinic, uses artificial intelligence through ECG to easily detect potassium levels in the blood.
A wearable ECG
The Apple Watch Series 4 has launched its ECG app which could be of great help to anyone suffering from a heart condition. In the back of the watch, there are electrodes that catch your heart’s impulses. The watch collects data over time and is able to detect new heart abnormalities, such as an irregular heart rhythm. Data is saved and available for the doctor to examine it. Another very helpful feature of the watch is that it can detect falls, so it automatically calls emergency services.
A non-invasive test for endometriosis
Millions of women all over the world suffer from endometriosis, and even more are still not diagnosed. It is essentially a very painful case of abnormality on the uterus. It has been so far very difficult and expensive to diagnose and that is why company DotLab has come up with the first non-invasive test that can discover endometriosis through patient’s saliva or blood.
A new treatment for stroke
Recovering from a stroke is a slow and difficult process, and patients often never fully regain all lost functions. That is why researchers are working on a treatment called ‘deep brain stimulation’ that might become a standard therapy for stroke patients. One of the people who made vast improvements is the 59-year-old patient who had suffered from a stroke and remained paralyzed. This research is the new hope for patients who are suffering from stroke side effects.